Johnson & Johnson co-founder James Wood Johnson (1856-1932) was the younger brother of Johnson & Johnson founders Robert Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson. James Wood Johnson was born March 17, 1856 at Crystal Lake, Pennsylvania, the 11th and youngest child in the Johnson family. A talented engineer, James Wood Johnson began as an apprentice surveyor with the Pennsylvania Coal Company before joining his older brother Robert at Seabury & Johnson at age 22. Starting in sales, James quickly moved to manufacturing, where he designed and built the machinery that enabled Seabury & Johnson to mass produce its products. He was promoted to Superintendent of Manufacturing at Seabury & Johnson, in charge of the organization’s manufacturing operations. In late 1885, along with his brothers, James Wood Johnson left Seabury & Johnson to start Johnson & Johnson.